Author Instructions

Manuscripts should be proof-read and have English language errors corrected before submission. The manuscript file should have the following structure: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Main text (Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Experimentations, Results, Discussions, Summary or Conclusion), Acknowledgements, Appendix, and References. The electronic copy should be prepared by using MS Word (suitable for windows).

Title: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations: Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author. Corresponding author: Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.

Abstract: A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.

Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide a 3- 6 keywords, separated by comma.

Acknowledgements: Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

Maths Formulae: Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp.

Equations, Units and Nomenclature:(l) Equations are preferably typed using Word Equation editor. Allow one line of space above and below. Number displayed equations (if applicable) consecutively from Eq. (1) to the end of the paper. Example: x = r1 Sin α Cos α (1) (2) Each paper must have a separate nomenclature section containing all the symbols used in the text and their definitions. Each dimensional symbol should have SI units. All dimensionless groups and coefficients must be indicated as dimensionless after their definitions.

Tables and Figures:(l) Brief and descriptively title each table and caption each figure. Place table title (title case) abovethe table; place figure caption (title case) below the figure. Text and symbols must be clearly readable, avoid small symbols. (2) Refer each table and figure in the text. If possible, place tables and figures in the order mentioned in the text as close as possible to text reference. Figures and Tables should be placed nearest to its first reference in the text. (3) Allow one line of space between the table title and the table (or between the figure and its caption). Allow one line of space between the table or figure and the adjacent text. Example: (4) Figure and table should be referred in the body of the text as Fig. 1 and Table 1 respectively.